微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

1年前 (2023) 程序员胖胖胖虎阿
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Spring Cloud LoadBalancer

概述

Spring Cloud LoadBalancer目前Spring官方是放在spring-cloud-commons里,Spring Cloud最新版本为2021.0.2

Spring Cloud LoadBalancer 官网文档地址 https://docs.spring.io/spring-cloud-commons/docs/3.1.2/reference/html/#spring-cloud-loadbalancer

Spring Cloud官网文档地址 https://docs.spring.io/spring-cloud/docs/current/reference/html/

一方面Netflix Ribbon停止更新,Spring Cloud LoadBalancer是Spring Cloud官方自己提供的客户端负载均衡器,抽象和实现,用来替代Ribbon。

  • 常见负载均衡器分为服务端负载均衡器(如网关层均衡负载)和客户端层均衡负载。
    • 网关层如硬件层面的F5或软件层面的LVS、或者nginx等。
    • 客户端层就如Spring Cloud LoadBalancer,作为一个客户端去发现更新维护服务列表,自定义服务的均衡负载策略(随机、轮询、小流量的金丝雀等等)。

Spring Cloud提供了自己的客户端负载平衡器抽象和实现。对于负载均衡机制,增加了ReactiveLoadBalancer接口,并提供了基于round-robin轮询和Random随机的实现。为了从响应式ServiceInstanceListSupplier中选择实例,需要使用ServiceInstanceListSupplier。目前支持ServiceInstanceListSupplier的基于服务发现的实现,该实现使用类路径中的发现客户端从Service Discovery中检索可用的实例。

可以通过如下配置来禁用Spring Cloud LoadBalance

spring:
  cloud:
    loadbalancer:
      enabled: false

入门示例

前面simple-ecommerce项目创建已在父Pom引入三大父依赖,详细可以看下前面的文章<<SpringCloudAlibaba注册中心与配置中心之利器Nacos实战与源码分析>>,其中Spring Cloud的版本为2021.0.1,前面文章也已说过,Spring Cloud Alibaba整合在spring-cloud-starter-alibaba-nacos-discovery本身就依赖spring-cloud-loadbalancer。

注意如果是Hoxton之前的版本,默认负载均衡器为Ribbon,需要移除Ribbon引用和增加配置spring.cloud.loadbalancer.ribbon.enabled: false。

如果是在Spring Boot项目中添加下面的启动器依赖,该starter也包含了Spring Boot Caching and Evictor.

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-loadbalancer</artifactId>
        </dependency>

我们使用Spring官方提供了负载均衡的客户端之一RestTemplate,RestTemplate是Spring提供的用于访问Rest服务的客户端,RestTemplate提供了多种便捷访问远程Http服务的方法,能够大大提高客户端的编写效率。默认情况下,RestTemplate默认依赖jdk的HTTP连接工具。创建RestTemplateConfig配置类,标注 @LoadBalanced注解,默认使用的ReactiveLoadBalancer实现是RoundRobinLoadBalancer。

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@Configuration
public class RestTemplateConfig {
    @LoadBalanced
    @Bean
    public RestTemplate restTemplate() {
        return new RestTemplate() ;
    }
}

订单微服务中订单控制器增加deductRest方法

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.controller;

import cn.itxs.ecom.commons.service.OrderService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

/**
 * @Name :OrderController
 * @Description :订单控制器
 * @Author :itxs
 * @Date :2022/4/10 20:15
 * @Version :1.0
 * @History :
 */
@RestController
public class OrderController {

    @Autowired
    OrderService orderService;

    @Autowired
    private RestTemplate restTemplate;

    @RequestMapping("/create/{userId}/{commodityCode}/{count}")
    public String create(@PathVariable("userId") String userId,@PathVariable("commodityCode") String commodityCode, @PathVariable("count") int count){
        return orderService.create(userId,commodityCode,count).toString();
    }

    @RequestMapping("/deductRest/{commodityCode}/{count}")
    public String deductRest(@PathVariable("commodityCode") String commodityCode, @PathVariable("count") int count){
        String url = "http://ecom-storage-service/deduct/"+commodityCode+"/"+count;
        return restTemplate.getForObject(url, String.class);
    }
}

前面server.port我们是放在Nacos配置中心里,这里我们注释Nacos配置中心的配置放在本地配置文件bootstrap.yml里,分别配置为4080、4081、4082启动3个库存服务实例,并启动订单微服务

server:
  port: 4080

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

查看nacos服务管理-服务列表里服务详情,可以看到3个健康的库存实例和1个订单微服务实例

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

访问6次订单dedect接口:http://localhost:4070/deductRest/1001/1 ,从测试的结果也验证了LoadBalancer默认是轮询负载均衡策略。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

负载均衡算法切换

创建自定义负载均衡配置类CustomLoadBalancerConfiguration

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import org.springframework.cloud.client.ServiceInstance;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.RandomLoadBalancer;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ReactorLoadBalancer;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ServiceInstanceListSupplier;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.support.LoadBalancerClientFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.core.env.Environment;

public class CustomLoadBalancerConfiguration {

    @Bean
    ReactorLoadBalancer<ServiceInstance> randomLoadBalancer(Environment environment,
                                                            LoadBalancerClientFactory loadBalancerClientFactory) {
        String name = environment.getProperty(LoadBalancerClientFactory.PROPERTY_NAME);
        return new RandomLoadBalancer(loadBalancerClientFactory
                .getLazyProvider(name, ServiceInstanceListSupplier.class),
                name);
    }
}

RestTemplateConfig配置类LoadBalancerClient指定随机的配置类,value的值为提供者也即是库存微服务名称。

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import org.springframework.boot.web.client.RestTemplateBuilder;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.annotation.LoadBalancerClient;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.client.RestTemplate;

@Configuration
@LoadBalancerClient(value = "ecom-storage-service", configuration = CustomLoadBalancerConfiguration.class)
public class RestTemplateConfig {

    @LoadBalanced
    @Bean
    public RestTemplate restTemplate(RestTemplateBuilder builder) {
        return builder.build() ;
    }
}

多次访问订单dedect接口测试确认已切换为随机负载均衡策略。

集成方式

官网提供3中集成Spring Cloud LoadBalancer的方式,除了第一种上面已使用过,还支持Spring Web Flux响应式编程,WebClient是从Spring WebFlux 5.0版本开始提供的一个非阻塞的基于响应式编程的进行Http请求的客户端工具。它的响应式编程的基于Reactor的。WebClient中提供了标准Http请求方式对应的get、post、put、delete等方法,可以用来发起相应的请求。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

在订单微服务中引入spring-boot-starter-webflux依赖

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webflux</artifactId>
        </dependency>

订单微服务中增加WebClientConfig配置类

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.LoadBalanced;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.reactive.function.client.WebClient;

@Configuration
public class WebClientConfig {
    @LoadBalanced
    @Bean
    WebClient.Builder webClientBuilder() {
        return WebClient.builder();
    }

    @Bean
    WebClient webClient() {
        return webClientBuilder().build();
    }
}

订单微服务订单控制器中添加WebClient接口实现,代码如下

    @Autowired
    private WebClient webClient;   

	@RequestMapping(value = "/deductWebClient/{commodityCode}/{count}")
    public Mono<String> deductWebClient(@PathVariable("commodityCode") String commodityCode, @PathVariable("count") int count) {
        String url = "http://ecom-storage-service/deduct/"+commodityCode+"/"+count;
        // 基于WebClient
        Mono<String> result = webClient.get().uri(url)
                .retrieve().bodyToMono(String.class);
        return result;
    }

重新启动订单微服务

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

访问订单控制器中的减库存WebClient接口,http://localhost:4070/deductWebClient/1001/1 ,结果返回成功

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

我们还可以配置基于过滤器的方式,通过WebClient使用ReactiveLoadBalancer。如果项目中添加了Spring Cloud LoadBalancer starter,并且Spring -webflux在类路径中,ReactorLoadBalancerExchangeFilterFunction则是自动配置的。

订单微服务订单控制器中添加WebClient使用ReactiveLoadBalancer接口实现,代码如下

    @Autowired
    private ReactorLoadBalancerExchangeFilterFunction lbFunction;   

    @RequestMapping(value = "/deductWebFluxReactor/{commodityCode}/{count}")
    public Mono<String> deductWebFluxReactor(@PathVariable("commodityCode") String commodityCode, @PathVariable("count") int count) {
        String url = "/deduct/"+commodityCode+"/"+count;
        Mono<String> result = WebClient.builder().baseUrl("http://ecom-storage-service")
                .filter(lbFunction)
                .build()
                .get()
                .uri(url)
                .retrieve()
                .bodyToMono(String.class);
        return result;
    }

重新启动订单微服务

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

访问订单控制器中的减库存WebClient接口,http://localhost:4070/deductWebFluxReactor/1001/1 ,结果返回成功

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

关于LoadBalancer官网还提供很多其他功能,有兴趣可自行详细查阅和动手实验

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

原理

RestTemplate

Spring Cloud LoadBalancer源码分析我们先从RestTemplate负载均衡的简单实现来分析入手,除此之外其支持Spring Web Flux响应式编程的实现原理思想也是相同,都是通过客户端添加拦截器,在拦截器中实现负载均衡。从RestTemplate的源码中可以知道其继承自InterceptingHttpAccessor抽象类

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

而InterceptingHttpAccessor抽象类则提供了一个方法setInterceptors,用于设置拦截器,拦截器需要实现ClientHttpRequestInterceptor接口即可,在实际远程请求服务端接口之前会先调用拦截器的intercept方法。这里的拦截器相当于Servlet技术中的Filter功能

	// 代码实现在抽象父类InterceptingHttpAccessor里
	// RestTemplate.InterceptingHttpAccessor#setInterceptors
	public void setInterceptors(List<ClientHttpRequestInterceptor> interceptors) {
		Assert.noNullElements(interceptors, "'interceptors' must not contain null elements");
		// Take getInterceptors() List as-is when passed in here
		if (this.interceptors != interceptors) {
			this.interceptors.clear();
			this.interceptors.addAll(interceptors);
			AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.sort(this.interceptors);
		}
	}

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerAutoConfiguration

从官网可以知道Spring Cloud LoadBalancer放在spring-cloud-commons,因此也作为其核心的@LoadBalanced注解也就是由spring-cloud-commons来实现,依据SpringBoot自动装配的原理先查看依赖包的实现逻辑,不难发现spring-cloud-commons引入了自动配置类LoadBalancerAutoConfiguration和ReactorLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

当满足上述的条件时(@Conditional为条件注解),将自动创建LoadBalancerInterceptor并注入到RestTemplate中。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerLnterceptor

LoadBalancerInterceptor实现了ClientHttpRequestInterceptor接口,因此也实现intercept方法,用于实现负载均衡的拦截处理。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerClient

LoadBalancerClient用于进行负载均衡逻辑,继承自ServiceInstanceChooser接口,从服务列表中选择出一个服务地址进行调用。在LoadBalancerClient种存在两个execute()方法,均是用来执行请求的,reconstructURI()是用来重构URL。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

对于LoadBalancerClient接口Spring Cloud LoadBalancer的提供默认实现为BlockingLoadBalancerClient

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

@SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
public class BlockingLoadBalancerClient implements LoadBalancerClient {

	private final ReactiveLoadBalancer.Factory<ServiceInstance> loadBalancerClientFactory;

	/**
	 * @deprecated in favour of
	 * {@link BlockingLoadBalancerClient#BlockingLoadBalancerClient(ReactiveLoadBalancer.Factory)}
	 */
	@Deprecated
	public BlockingLoadBalancerClient(LoadBalancerClientFactory loadBalancerClientFactory,
			LoadBalancerProperties properties) {
		this.loadBalancerClientFactory = loadBalancerClientFactory;
	}

	public BlockingLoadBalancerClient(ReactiveLoadBalancer.Factory<ServiceInstance> loadBalancerClientFactory) {
		this.loadBalancerClientFactory = loadBalancerClientFactory;
	}

	@Override
	public <T> T execute(String serviceId, LoadBalancerRequest<T> request) throws IOException {
		String hint = getHint(serviceId);
		LoadBalancerRequestAdapter<T, DefaultRequestContext> lbRequest = new LoadBalancerRequestAdapter<>(request,
				new DefaultRequestContext(request, hint));
		Set<LoadBalancerLifecycle> supportedLifecycleProcessors = getSupportedLifecycleProcessors(serviceId);
		supportedLifecycleProcessors.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onStart(lbRequest));
		ServiceInstance serviceInstance = choose(serviceId, lbRequest);
        // 选择服务
		if (serviceInstance == null) {
			supportedLifecycleProcessors.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onComplete(
					new CompletionContext<>(CompletionContext.Status.DISCARD, lbRequest, new EmptyResponse())));
			throw new IllegalStateException("No instances available for " + serviceId);
		}
		return execute(serviceId, serviceInstance, lbRequest);
	}

	@Override
	public <T> T execute(String serviceId, ServiceInstance serviceInstance, LoadBalancerRequest<T> request)
			throws IOException {
		DefaultResponse defaultResponse = new DefaultResponse(serviceInstance);
		Set<LoadBalancerLifecycle> supportedLifecycleProcessors = getSupportedLifecycleProcessors(serviceId);
		Request lbRequest = request instanceof Request ? (Request) request : new DefaultRequest<>();
		supportedLifecycleProcessors
				.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onStartRequest(lbRequest, new DefaultResponse(serviceInstance)));
		try {
			T response = request.apply(serviceInstance);
			Object clientResponse = getClientResponse(response);
			supportedLifecycleProcessors
					.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onComplete(new CompletionContext<>(CompletionContext.Status.SUCCESS,
							lbRequest, defaultResponse, clientResponse)));
			return response;
		}
		catch (IOException iOException) {
			supportedLifecycleProcessors.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onComplete(
					new CompletionContext<>(CompletionContext.Status.FAILED, iOException, lbRequest, defaultResponse)));
			throw iOException;
		}
		catch (Exception exception) {
			supportedLifecycleProcessors.forEach(lifecycle -> lifecycle.onComplete(
					new CompletionContext<>(CompletionContext.Status.FAILED, exception, lbRequest, defaultResponse)));
			ReflectionUtils.rethrowRuntimeException(exception);
		}
		return null;
	}

	private <T> Object getClientResponse(T response) {
		ClientHttpResponse clientHttpResponse = null;
		if (response instanceof ClientHttpResponse) {
			clientHttpResponse = (ClientHttpResponse) response;
		}
		if (clientHttpResponse != null) {
			try {
				return new ResponseData(clientHttpResponse, null);
			}
			catch (IOException ignored) {
			}
		}
		return response;
	}

	private Set<LoadBalancerLifecycle> getSupportedLifecycleProcessors(String serviceId) {
		return LoadBalancerLifecycleValidator.getSupportedLifecycleProcessors(
				loadBalancerClientFactory.getInstances(serviceId, LoadBalancerLifecycle.class),
				DefaultRequestContext.class, Object.class, ServiceInstance.class);
	}

	@Override
	public URI reconstructURI(ServiceInstance serviceInstance, URI original) {
		return LoadBalancerUriTools.reconstructURI(serviceInstance, original);
	}

	@Override
	public ServiceInstance choose(String serviceId) {
		return choose(serviceId, REQUEST);
	}

    // 通过不同的负载均衡客户端实现选择不同的服务
	@Override
	public <T> ServiceInstance choose(String serviceId, Request<T> request) {
		ReactiveLoadBalancer<ServiceInstance> loadBalancer = loadBalancerClientFactory.getInstance(serviceId);
		if (loadBalancer == null) {
			return null;
		}
		Response<ServiceInstance> loadBalancerResponse = Mono.from(loadBalancer.choose(request)).block();
		if (loadBalancerResponse == null) {
			return null;
		}
		return loadBalancerResponse.getServer();
	}

	private String getHint(String serviceId) {
		LoadBalancerProperties properties = loadBalancerClientFactory.getProperties(serviceId);
		String defaultHint = properties.getHint().getOrDefault("default", "default");
		String hintPropertyValue = properties.getHint().get(serviceId);
		return hintPropertyValue != null ? hintPropertyValue : defaultHint;
	}

}

LoadBalancerClientFactory

BlockingLoadBalancerClient中持有LoadBalancerClientFactory通过调用其getInstance方法获取具体的负载均衡客户端。通过工厂类LoadBalancerClientFactory获取具体的负载均衡器实例,后面的loadBalancer.choose(request)调用其接口choose()方法实现根据负载均衡算法选择下一个服务器完成负载均衡,而ReactiveLoadBalancer getInstance(String serviceId) 有默认实现LoadBalancerClientFactory
微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerClientFactory客户端实现了不同的负载均衡算法,比如轮询、随机等。LoadBalancerClientFactory继承自NamedContextFactory,NamedContextFactory继承ApplicationContextAware,实现Spring ApplicationContext容器操作。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

ReactiveLoadBalancer

ReactiveLoadBalancer负载均衡器实现服务选择,Spring Cloud Balancer中实现了轮询RoundRobinLoadBalancer、随机RandomLoadBalancer、NacosLoadBalancer算法。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerClientConfiguration

如果没有显式指定负载均衡算法,默认缺省值为RoundRobinLoadBalancer

	@Bean
	@ConditionalOnMissingBean
	public ReactorLoadBalancer<ServiceInstance> reactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer(Environment environment,
			LoadBalancerClientFactory loadBalancerClientFactory) {
		String name = environment.getProperty(LoadBalancerClientFactory.PROPERTY_NAME);
		return new RoundRobinLoadBalancer(
				loadBalancerClientFactory.getLazyProvider(name, ServiceInstanceListSupplier.class), name);
	}

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

LoadBalancerRequestFactory

LoadBalancerRequest工厂类调用createRequest方法用于创建LoadBalancerRequest。其内部持有LoadBalancerClient对象也即持有BlockingLoadBalancerClient。

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

在日常项目中,一般负载均衡都是结合Feign使用,后续我们有时间再来分析Feign整合LoadBalancer的自动配置类FeignLoadBalancerAutoConfiguration的实现

ReactorLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration

我们也抛一下基于WebClient的@Loadbalanced的流程的引入,首先声明负载均衡过滤器ReactorLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration是一个自动装配器类,在项目中引入了 WebClient 和 ReactiveLoadBalancer 类之后,自动装配流程就开始运行,它会初始化一个实现了 ExchangeFilterFunction 的实例,在后面该实例将作为过滤器被注入到WebClient。后续流程有兴趣再自行研究

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

自定义负载均衡器

从上面可以知道LoadBalancerClientFactory是创建客户机、负载均衡器和客户机配置实例的工厂。它根据客户端名称创建一个Spring ApplicationContext,并从中提取所需的bean。因此进入到LoadBalancerClientFactory类中,需要去实现它的子接口ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer,因为去获取负载均衡器实例的时候,是通过去容器中查找ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer类型的bean来实现的,可以参照RandomLoadBalancer实现代码

package org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.ThreadLocalRandom;

import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectProvider;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.ServiceInstance;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.DefaultResponse;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.EmptyResponse;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.Request;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.Response;

public class RandomLoadBalancer implements ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer {

	private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(RandomLoadBalancer.class);

	private final String serviceId;

	private ObjectProvider<ServiceInstanceListSupplier> serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider;

	/**
	 * @param serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider a provider of
	 * {@link ServiceInstanceListSupplier} that will be used to get available instances
	 * @param serviceId id of the service for which to choose an instance
	 */
	public RandomLoadBalancer(ObjectProvider<ServiceInstanceListSupplier> serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider,
			String serviceId) {
		this.serviceId = serviceId;
		this.serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider = serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider;
	}

	@SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
	@Override
	public Mono<Response<ServiceInstance>> choose(Request request) {
		ServiceInstanceListSupplier supplier = serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider
				.getIfAvailable(NoopServiceInstanceListSupplier::new);
		return supplier.get(request).next()
				.map(serviceInstances -> processInstanceResponse(supplier, serviceInstances));
	}

	private Response<ServiceInstance> processInstanceResponse(ServiceInstanceListSupplier supplier,
			List<ServiceInstance> serviceInstances) {
		Response<ServiceInstance> serviceInstanceResponse = getInstanceResponse(serviceInstances);
		if (supplier instanceof SelectedInstanceCallback && serviceInstanceResponse.hasServer()) {
			((SelectedInstanceCallback) supplier).selectedServiceInstance(serviceInstanceResponse.getServer());
		}
		return serviceInstanceResponse;
	}

	private Response<ServiceInstance> getInstanceResponse(List<ServiceInstance> instances) {
		if (instances.isEmpty()) {
			if (log.isWarnEnabled()) {
				log.warn("No servers available for service: " + serviceId);
			}
			return new EmptyResponse();
		}
		int index = ThreadLocalRandom.current().nextInt(instances.size());

		ServiceInstance instance = instances.get(index);

		return new DefaultResponse(instance);
	}

}

保留核心实现进行简单仿写如下

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Random;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectProvider;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.ServiceInstance;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ServiceInstanceListSupplier;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.DefaultResponse;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.EmptyResponse;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.Request;
import org.springframework.cloud.client.loadbalancer.Response;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;

public class ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient implements ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer {
    // 服务列表
    private ObjectProvider<ServiceInstanceListSupplier> serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider;

    public ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient(ObjectProvider<ServiceInstanceListSupplier> serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider) {
        this.serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider = serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider;
    }

    @Override
    public Mono<Response<ServiceInstance>> choose(Request request) {
        ServiceInstanceListSupplier supplier = serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider.getIfAvailable();
        return supplier.get().next().map(this::getInstanceResponse);
    }

    /**
     * 使用随机数获取服务
     * @param instances
     * @return
     */
    private Response<ServiceInstance> getInstanceResponse(
            List<ServiceInstance> instances) {
        System.out.println("ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient start");
        if (instances.isEmpty()) {
            return new EmptyResponse();
        }

        System.out.println("ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient random");
        // 随机算法
        int size = instances.size();
        Random random = new Random();
        ServiceInstance instance = instances.get(random.nextInt(size));

        return new DefaultResponse(instance);
    }
}

将上面CustomLoadBalancerConfiguration替换为如下内容

package cn.itxs.ecom.order.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.ObjectProvider;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer;
import org.springframework.cloud.loadbalancer.core.ServiceInstanceListSupplier;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;

public class CustomLoadBalancerConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public ReactorServiceInstanceLoadBalancer customLoadBalancer(ObjectProvider<ServiceInstanceListSupplier> serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider) {
        return new ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient(serviceInstanceListSupplierProvider);
    }
}

启动库存微服务和订单微服务,访问http://localhost:4070/deductRest/1001/1 ,控制台已打印自定义ItxsRandomLoadBalancerClient中的日志和成功访问结果

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

微服务生态组件之Spring Cloud LoadBalancer详解和源码分析

**本人博客网站 **IT小神 www.itxiaoshen.com

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